Parametric study of a rapid bridge assessment method using distributed macro-strain influence envelope line

Significance 

Bridges and other transportation structures are susceptible to failures that may lead to collapse and catastrophic accidents. To prevent such scenarios, there is a great need to obtain relevant information regarding the safety, durability, and functionality of the bridges. To this end, several bridges monitoring and intelligent control methods such as vibration-based damage identification technique have been developed. Unfortunately, most of these methods use the identified modal parameters to detect the structural damages which may not give the actual insight as it does not take into consideration the measurement noise. Additionally, they are based on the traditional acceleration and displacement responses with no consideration of the local responses. This makes identification of the local damages challenging.

Recently, strain-based methods have been identified to have potential solutions to the aforementioned challenges. This requires the use of sensors to detect the randomly occurring damages. Currently, Fiber Bragg Grating sensors are widely used in structural health monitoring owing to their excellent properties. Consequently, they can be used to achieve the distributed long-gauge strain sensing that is much sensitive to the local damage. The accuracy of the long-gauge strain sensors can be enhanced by appropriate selection of the gauge length. Considering the uneconomical nature of installing the health monitoring systems in short- and medium span bridges, development of rapid detection and monitoring methods in these cases is highly desirable. In a recently published literature, bridge condition assessment has been conducted based on the distributed macro-strain influence. However, the effects of vehicle parameters such as weight on the damage identification methods have not been fully explored. On the other hand, representing the damage extent of the bridge in a real bridge test is too challenging due to the unknown initial bridge condition.

To this end, Dr. Bitao Wu at East China Jiao Tong University in collaboration with Professor Gang Wu and Professor Caiqian Yang from Southeast University investigated the highway bridge rapid assessment method based on the parametric variations of the vehicles. In particular, damages in the bridges structures under the moving loads were identified through a distributed macro-strain technique which comprised an integration of the long-gauge strain sensing technology and empirical mode decomposition method. Furthermore, a 1:10 scale model of the bridge-vehicle system was used in the experimental study where the long-gauge strain history was measured by long-gauge Fiber Bragg Grating sensor. The work is published in the journal, Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing.

The authors observed that the proposed parametric method accurately identified both the damage location and the damage extent since it was not affected by the vehicle parameters. However, a low accuracy for damage extents below 10% was noted. Additionally, higher damage extent identification accuracy was reported for both heavy and biaxial vehicles while triple-axial and light vehicles recorded low damage extent identification accuracy. Furthermore, the method was not affected by the ambient variation noises attributed to the high anti-noise performance of the optical signal. According to the authors, the method can be extended to post-bridge structural reinforcement design and capacity evaluation. Therefore, the study provides essential information that enables proper bridge assessment for damage detection thus preventing accident occurrence possibilities.

Parametric study of a rapid bridge assessment method using distributed macro-strain influence envelope line - Advances in Engineering
Fig. 1. Components of model vehicle bridge system
Parametric study of a rapid bridge assessment method using distributed macro-strain influence envelope line - Advances in Engineering
Fig. 2. Model vehicles with different axle numbers
Parametric study of a rapid bridge assessment method using distributed macro-strain influence envelope line - Advances in Engineering
Fig. 3. Long-gauge FBG sensor used in the experiment
Parametric study of a rapid bridge assessment method using distributed macro-strain influence envelope line - Advances in Engineering
Fig. 4. Comparison of the original, dynamic and static macro-stain time history
Parametric study of a rapid bridge assessment method using distributed macro-strain influence envelope line - Advances in Engineering
Fig. 5. Damage identification for C1-C5 for different vehicular weights
Parametric study of a rapid bridge assessment method using distributed macro-strain influence envelope line - Advances in Engineering
Fig. 6. Damage extent identification of cases C1-C5 under different vehicular axle loads

About the author

Dr. Bitao Wu is a post-doc research in civil engineering and is currently working in the School of Civil Architecture, East China Jiaotong University. He received his PHD in civil engineering from Southeast University. His main research interests include bridge health monitoring, railway environmental vibration and coupling vibration of high-speed railway bridges. He presided a project of National Science Foundation for Young Scientists of China.

He has published 6 scientific papers in journals such as Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, Smart Materials and Structures and has authorized a national invention patent.

About the author

Gang Wu is a professor of school of civil engineering in Southeast University. He is the correspondent author of this paper and his research mainly focuses on wisdom construction and maintenance of major infrastructure, industrialization of new buildings, new technologies for efficient strengthening of existing structures, new FRP products and reinforced structures. In recent years, he has presided a national key R&D project in the 13th Five-Year Plan, a key project of the National Natural Science Foundation and a national sciences and technology support project in the 12th Five-Year Plan.

He won the second prize of national science and technology progress in 2012, and the first prize of science and technology progress of Jiangsu Province in 2018. He was financed by the National Outstanding Youth Science Fund and selected as the leader of scientific and technological innovation in Ten-thousand Talents Program.

About the author

Caiqian Yang received his Ph.D. in engineering from Ibaraki University in Japan. He is a professor in teaching and scientific research at College of Civil Engineering, Southeast University. His main research interests: advanced sensing and structural health monitoring, new FRP and FRP-concrete composite structure, intelligent materials and structures. At present, he presides over and co-chairs more than 20 scientific research projects, including the Thirteenth Key R & D Project, Twelfth Five-Year Plan of Science and Technology project, the Natural Science Foundation, the Western Transportation Construction Science and Technology Project of the Ministry of Communications, and the Return Fund for Overseas Studies of the Ministry of Education.

As a major researcher, he participates in 16 scientific research projects, including the National Outstanding Youth Science Foundation. He has published more than 100 scientific papers and applied for more than 40 national invention patents (18 authorizations).

Reference

Wu, B., Wu, G., & Yang, C. (2019). Parametric study of a rapid bridge assessment method using distributed macro-strain influence envelope line. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, 120, 642-663.

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