Presently, the globe faces one of the most challenges in its history that is global warming and climate change. Conversely, there is a great call today to come up with measures that will continue enhancing education on environment and ecosystem protection, with the aim of conserving life on this planet. Environmental education and awareness have proved to be a right approach to realizing this goal. It helps people across all the ages in understanding nature and how we can relate to the environment without destroying it. Through critical thinking, education also enhances an individual’s reasoning and problem-solving skills regarding biodiversity, ecology, energy consumption pollution among others. Meta-analysis, however, is the most effective way for green behavior analysis, through an adequately integrated framework for better understanding of the various relationships between the environment and its surroundings. The system approach comprises of various aspects including of motivation, interpersonal and education approaches among others. The program consists of the study and comparison of different contributors to green energy and cleaner production such as recycling, attitude, and awareness.
University of A Coruna researchers, Professor Laura Varela-Candamio, Professor Isabel Novo-Corti, and Professor María Teresa García-Álvarez investigated the application of meta-analysis approaches in the analysis of green behavior through the study of the relationship between the environment and its surroundings. They anticipated that this is the best approach to solving the current issues affecting the globe about climate, global warming, environment, ecosystem among others. The research answers fundamental questions concerning the factors affecting green behavior and the effects of environmental education and awareness. Their research work is now published in the Journal of Cleaner production.
Based on their research framework model known as CADMIACA which links three previous theories: the Comprehensive Action Determination Model (CADM), other motivational and interpersonal ones (MI) and the Action Competence Approach (ACA), the authors found that environmental education is a vital tool in determination and understanding of the green behavior. Together with other factors included in the framework models like interpersonal relations, the role of human behaving in the conservation of the environment and ecosystem was also revealed. Indeed, human behaviors play a critical role.
The study is unique as it is among the first to formulate a better-integrated meta-analysis approach for understanding human beings, the environment, and its surrounding. Environmental education has been described as the cornerstone in the evaluation of green behavior. Factors such as the social norms and attitudes were also found to influence green behavior. Laura Varela-Candamio and colleagues study will, therefore, advance the understanding of environmental issues and associated challenges like pollution, global warming, energy saving, recycling, green purchasing and climate changes.
The approach will also be the critical tool in helping come up with best suitable methods for solving these problems. Environmental awareness also creates positive attitudes that are vital in reminding the people about the importance of the environment and the need to protect it. This is achievable through use of renewable energy, recycling among other practices. In fact, meta-analysis approaches in analyzing the green behaviors should be encouraged from the grass root levels that are among the children all the way to adults. Various stakeholders and government agencies should also step out to support such studies.
Varela-Candamio, L., Novo-Corti, I., & García-Álvarez, M. (2018). The importance of environmental education in the determinants of green behavior: A meta-analysis approach. Journal of Cleaner Production, 170, 1565-1578.
Go To Journal of Cleaner Production