Importance of environmental education in determinants of green behavior

Significance 

Presently, the globe faces one of the most challenges in its history that is global warming and climate change. Conversely, there is a great call today to come up with measures that will continue enhancing education on environment and ecosystem protection, with the aim of conserving life on this planet. Environmental education and awareness have proved to be a right approach to realizing this goal. It helps people across all the ages in understanding nature and how we can relate to the environment without destroying it. Through critical thinking, education also enhances an individual’s reasoning and problem-solving skills regarding biodiversity, ecology, energy consumption pollution among others. Meta-analysis, however, is the most effective way for green behavior analysis, through an adequately integrated framework for better understanding of the various relationships between the environment and its surroundings. The system approach comprises of various aspects including of motivation, interpersonal and education approaches among others. The program consists of the study and comparison of different contributors to green energy and cleaner production such as recycling, attitude, and awareness.

University of A Coruna researchers, Professor Laura Varela-Candamio, Professor Isabel Novo-Corti, and Professor María Teresa García-Álvarez investigated the application of meta-analysis approaches in the analysis of green behavior through the study of the relationship between the environment and its surroundings. They anticipated that this is the best approach to solving the current issues affecting the globe about climate, global warming, environment, ecosystem among others. The research answers fundamental questions concerning the factors affecting green behavior and the effects of environmental education and awareness. Their research work is now published in the Journal of Cleaner production.

Based on their research framework model known as CADMIACA which links three previous theories: the Comprehensive Action Determination Model (CADM), other motivational and interpersonal ones (MI) and the Action Competence Approach (ACA), the authors found that environmental education is a vital tool in determination and understanding of the green behavior. Together with other factors included in the framework models like interpersonal relations, the role of human behaving in the conservation of the environment and ecosystem was also revealed. Indeed, human behaviors play a critical role.

The study is unique as it is among the first to formulate a better-integrated meta-analysis approach for understanding human beings, the environment, and its surrounding. Environmental education has been described as the cornerstone in the evaluation of green behavior. Factors such as the social norms and attitudes were also found to influence green behavior. Laura Varela-Candamio and colleagues study will, therefore, advance the understanding of environmental issues and associated challenges like pollution, global warming, energy saving, recycling, green purchasing and climate changes.

 The approach will also be the critical tool in helping come up with best suitable methods for solving these problems. Environmental awareness also creates positive attitudes that are vital in reminding the people about the importance of the environment and the need to protect it. This is achievable through use of renewable energy, recycling among other practices. In fact, meta-analysis approaches in analyzing the green behaviors should be encouraged from the grass root levels that are among the children all the way to adults. Various stakeholders and government agencies should also step out to support such studies.

About the author

Laura Varela-Candamio is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Economics at the University of A Coruna (Spain) and Tutor in the Associate Centre of Lugo at the Spanish National Open University (UNED). She is also a member of Jean Monnet Research Group of Competition and Development. She got her Bachelor in Economics in 2007 and her PhD also in Economics in 2011. His research interest include public economics such as public finance, taxation and public policies; sustainable economic development and behavioral economics.

She has published its research outcomes in numerous international conferences and in scientific journals such as Journal of Cleaner Production, Economics Letters, Applied Economics, Computers in Human Behavior, El Trimestre Económico, Sustainability, among others. She has been a visiting professor in American universities: Andrew Young School (Georgia State University) (2015), REAL (University of Illinois) (2013), Suffolk University (2012) and also European isntitutions: University of Porto (2014, 2011 and 2010) and IRPET, Italy (2018). She has been invited as keynote speaker in international conferences, such as the 2016 International Conference “Information Society and Sustainable Development” – ISSD in Pologravi (University Targu-Jiu – Romania).

About the author

Isabel Novo-Corti is an Associate Professor in the Department of Economics at the University of A Coruna (Spain) and Tutor in the Associate Centre of A Coruña at the Spanish National Open University (UNED), PhD in Economics. She is coordinator of the EDaSS research group on Economic Development and Social Sustainability, and member of the University Institute of Maritime Studies and was Head of the Department of Economic Analysis and Business Administration at the UDC. She is the director of the Atlantic Review of Economics.

Her research focuses on public policies and sustainability in the framework of Knowledge Society. She has published in prestigious academic journals such as Journal of Cleaner production, Ocean & Coastal Management, Sustainability, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Computers in Human Behavior, Progress in Industrial Ecology, Management of Environmental Quality. She has been visiting scholar in Oxford University (United Kingdom), Washington University (Missouri, USA), Reading (United Kingdom) and Harvard University (Massachusetts, USA). She has been honored with international awards such as the best work on ethical economy, at the International Conference XXII Hispanic-Portuguese Scientific Management Conference in Vila Real (Portugal, 2012) or the award for best research paper of 2015 published in the journal Management of Environmental Quality. She has been invited as keynote speaker in international conferences, such as the IV Conference on ethics economics in Bogotá (University S. Tomás – Colombia) or the 2016 International Conference “Information Society and Sustainable Development” – ISSD in Pologravi (University Targu-Jiu – Romania).

About the author

María Teresa García-Álvarez is Associate Professor in the Department of Business at the University of A Coruna (Spain). She obtained a PhD in Economy at this University. Her research interests include sustainable development, renewable energies, and energy economics. In these topics, she has presented her doctoral thesis, given classes in masters, organised courses, and participated as investigator of various research projects.

Likewise, the main results of her research have been published in international high impact factor journals, such as Journal of Cleaner Production, Ecological Indicators, Renewable Energy, and Energy, among others. She has also presented her research in several international Conferences related to these topics, such as Conference of Energy & Environment (ICEE), International Sustainable Development Research Society (ISDRS), and  Information Society and Sustainable Development Conference (ISSD) , among others.  She has been honored with international awards such as the Best Presenter Award in 2012 International Business, Finance & Economics Research Conference, the Best Paper Award in 2012 Bangkok International Academic Conference, and the 2004 International Business, Finance & Economics Research Conference.

Reference

Varela-Candamio, L., Novo-Corti, I., & García-Álvarez, M. (2018). The importance of environmental education in the determinants of green behavior: A meta-analysis approach. Journal of Cleaner Production170, 1565-1578.

 

Go To Journal of Cleaner Production 

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