Interoperability specification development for integrated BIM use in performance-based design


Rapid technological growth witnessed in the past few decades have resulted in the development of more advanced tools used for designing, building and managing various activities and projects in several sectors such as engineering, building and construction and architecture. Computer-aided design and manufacturing technologies is an example of such tools.

However, for a project to be actualized as planned, there must be a system for managing all the information for such particular project. The lifespan of such projects including all the phases of development from the start all the way to the completion has to be covered in the system. This information is also useful as it will enable the various stakeholders such as project managers and engineers in accessing the progress of the projects and uncovering different possible challenges that may arise during the development and implementation stages.

The need for a performance-based design approach has also grown recently. It will enable the various teams involved in a project to work together from the very beginning to the end thus avoiding the expensive costs associated with changes in the design that may be initiated at a later stage. This is because it will ensure performance analysis from the first stages and detect the possible changes that may be required hence incorporate them into the project decision making.

In building and construction industries, for example, the performance-based design has been conducted using building performance simulation (BPS). Although they have been widely used, they are yet to realize their full potential as it does not provide a platform that enhances the working relationship amongst all the project developers involved in that particular task. This has led to an integrated building information management (BIM) systems. The system is capable of integrating the various available technologies across all the existing domains thus enabling comprehensive performance analysis of the buildings throughout the entire projects lifetime.

Professor Yusuf Arayici from Hasan Kalyoncu University in Turkey in collaboration with researchers at Salford University, School of the Built Environment in the UK: Professor Terrence Fernando, Professor Victor Munoz and Dr. May Bassanino developed a performance-based design approach evaluation that incorporates a well understanding of the interoperability of the various aspects of the project. They used Design4Energy project as a case study of the assessment of their work. Their research work has been published in the journal, Automation in Construction.

The research team observed a significant increase in the flexibility and efficiency of the design projects that incorporate the use of this method. This is because all the necessary information about the project in all its development stages are available to the various stakeholders involved. This further enhanced the working relationship in the management of the project.

The study is believed to be the first one to study integration modeling processes for efficient design developments. The integration brings together simulations and energy databases, and well-structured data flow among others. This, for instance, enables tool identification for various processes and data manipulations as well as identifying the development stage in which such information would be required. Its advantage is that it can be used at any level of the project.

About the author

Prof Yusuf Arayici is professor in Hasan Kalyoncu University, and the Dean for the faculty of Engineering, previously Reader in Building Information Modelling in Salford University in the UK. He is an experienced researcher with engineering background, his research spans from Building Information Modelling and process modelling to energy efficiency and sustainability through research.

He led research groups of substance over a prolonged period through continuous cycle of research with funded projects including DIVERCITY (2001-2003), INTELCITIES (2003-2005), VEPS (2004-2006), SUREGEN (2007-2012), and the KTP (Knowledge Transfer Project, 2009-2011) project of BIM (Building Information Modelling) adoption to an architectural company, Design4Energy (2013-2016) and Heritage BIM (2015-2017).

He supervised 12 PhDs, published more than 90 papers and authored four books; titled “Requirements Engineering for Computer Integrated Environment”; “Building Information Modelling”; “Heritage Building Information Modelling”; “Simply BIM for Facilities Management”.

Currently, he is running a research project called “Building Information Modelling for Digital Design and Construction in Turkey”.


Arayici, Y., Fernando, T., Munoz, V., & Bassanino, M. (2018). Interoperability specification development for integrated BIM use in performance-based designAutomation in Construction, 85, 167-181.


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