A 3D Stochastic Damage Model for Concrete under Monotonic and Cyclic Loadings

Significance 

Concrete structures play a crucial role in the development of human society, and their safety and workability are of utmost importance. The failure and deterioration of these structures are often influenced by the damage evolution of concrete material under various loadings. Significant progress has been made over the past few decades in modeling the damage evolution of concrete under monotonic and cyclic loadings. However, the models proposed by previous research generally treat the monotonic and cyclic failures of concrete separately and are not applicable to triaxial stress states.

Understanding and accurately modeling the damage evolution of concrete can provide valuable insights into the behavior of structures, enabling more effective design and maintenance practices. In a recent research paper published in Cement and Concrete Research, Dr. Yanpeng Wang from the School of Civil and Transportation Engineering at Guangdong University of Technology presents a new stochastic damage model for concrete that applies to general triaxial stress states and simulates realistically its behavior under both monotonic and cyclic loadings.

The author presented an extension of a prior stochastic damage model proposed by him and Li to triaxial stress states. The extended model incorporates a novel expression form of the damage energy release rate, which serves as the thermodynamic driving force for damage. This expression is derived creatively by adapting a classic 3D failure criterion of concrete. Besides, some basic concepts regarding concrete damage evolution are further demonstrated. For example, the specific relation between damage evolution and microcrack propagation is clarified. The extended model provides a comprehensive representation of the monotonic strength, cyclic life, and accompanying randomness of concrete under uniaxial, biaxial, and triaxial stress states. The model accurately captures the rate effect of concrete under monotonic loading, further enhancing its applicability. The good fit of responses of the extended model to experimental results implies that the influence of stress state on damage evolution of concrete is accomplished through its effect on the damage driving force.

While the presented damage model shows promising results, there are several areas for future exploration. The effect of water content on lower-scale crack initiation in concrete should be studied, as it has been suggested that water content may inhibit crack initiation. Additionally, further research is needed to measure the physical parameters in the model accurately. Lastly, the application of the model in engineering practice should be investigated to assess its real-world performance.

The research conducted by Dr. Yanpeng Wang on the 3D stochastic damage model for concrete under monotonic and cyclic loadings holds significant importance in the field of civil engineering and construction. For instance, concrete structures are crucial components of our built environment, and ensuring their safety and long-term durability is paramount. By accurately modeling the damage evolution of concrete, the author’s research contributes to enhancing the safety and reliability of concrete structures. This, in turn, promotes sustainable development by minimizing the risk of structural failures and reducing the need for frequent repairs or replacements. Moreover, understanding how concrete behaves under different loadings is essential for optimizing the design and maintenance of structures. The stochastic damage model proposed by Dr. Yanpeng Wang provides engineers with a valuable tool to simulate the behavior of concrete under both monotonic and cyclic loadings. It enables better predictions of structural performance, leading to more efficient design strategies and targeted maintenance plans.

Furthermore, the new study aims to achieve a unified reflection of the damage behavior of concrete under both monotonic and cyclic loadings. This is significant because previous models often treat cyclic failure as a separate phenomenon, which limited their accuracy. By developing a comprehensive model that considers both loading types, this research bridges the gap and provides a more realistic representation of concrete behavior. The research contributes to the ongoing advancement of knowledge in the field of concrete engineering. By building upon his prior models, refining their limitations, and proposing new approaches, Dr. Yanpeng Wang’s work expands the understanding of concrete behavior and the mechanisms underlying its damage evolution. The new study opens up avenues for further studies and future improvements in modeling techniques.

In summary, the author introduced a 3D stochastic damage model for concrete that can simulate its behavior under both monotonic and cyclic loadings. The model addresses the limitations of previous models and provides a unified representation of concrete’s damage evolution. It accurately captures the monotonic strength, cyclic life, and associated randomness under various stress states. The model’s potential applications in engineering practice make it a valuable contribution to the field of concrete engineering and contribute to the sustainable development of human society.

About the author

Dr Yanpeng Wang

School of Civil and Transportation Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology

Dr Yanpeng Wang obtained his B.S. (2015) and Ph. D. degrees (2021) in Civil Engineering from Tongji University, China. In 2019, he went to Department of Civil, Environmental and Geo- Engineering at University of Minnesota, America and studied there as a visiting student for one year. His research interests cover concrete damage mechanics, multiscale, and structural reliability. He devotes himself to establishing the scientific theories from the unified constitutive relationship model of concrete to mechanical properties and life cycle analysis of engineering concrete structures. So far, he has authored ten papers and held one patent.

Reference

Yanpeng Wang. A 3D stochastic damage model for concrete under monotonic and cyclic loadings. Cement and Concrete Research 171 (2023) 107208.

Go to Cement and Concrete Research

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