Structural components such as buildings, bridges, and tunnels are often affected by actions of winds and thunderstorms outflows. The need to control their effects on structures have resulted in numerous researchers in the wind engineering field. There is a great need to improve on the methods used for analyzing the impact of winds on structures as the currently available methods do not give the necessary insight. Getting accurate and proper data from the actions of thunderstorms on structures have become very hard for the researchers due to the complexity and short time duration involved. These challenges, however, seems to be overcome by the new hybrid simulation system proposed. It will ensure that the thunderstorms outflows are simulated, and their respective responses on the structures analyzed concerning time.
Researchers at University of Genoa led by Professor Giovanni Solari developed a simulation method for the wind field velocity in thunderstorm outflows. The method involved a hybrid technique that will help in the collection of the data and various information for analysis. The analysis also included several equations and mathematical principles such as the Fourier Transforms. The work is currently published in the journal, Meccanica.
The authors presented a more comprehensive and simple strategy of simulating thunderstorm outflows associated with velocity fields as compared by the initial simulation method that involves the classical application of Monte Carlo simulations. It also provides a more effective and efficient method of reading and recording the wind velocities. The results from the simulation of the three primary tests conducted showed negligible errors when compared to the available data thus verifying the eligibility of the proposed simulation strategy.
The authors successfully investigated wind-excited responses through modal analysis and time domain approaches. In the simulation analysis, some parameters such as aerodynamic damping and transient aerodynamic effects were neglected. The obtained results also helped in getting the information about classic analysis. This was done about synoptic stationary cyclones. It was however observed that thunderstorms outflows often induce a major structural response as compared to synoptic stationary cyclones. However, both synoptic and thunderstorms events experience similar qualitative responses as far as the dynamic response and wind loading on the structures are concerned. The same similarities for the two cases are too witnessed with the aerodynamic admittance.
One significant advantage the study has is that the simulation technique can as well be applied to other several structures. The study by Professor Giovanni Solari and his team will help in gathering different data involving such structures which will thus be analyzed to produce robust results that may be further used in understanding other effects such as those resulting from aerodynamic damping. The proposed technique has thus proved to be a vital engineering tool in performing complex calculations related to hybrid simulations. The technique will also ensure the efficiency and effectiveness of the simulations in addressing other delicate challenges associated with structures such as the non-linear effects.
Solari, G., Rainisio, D., & De Gaetano, P. (2017). Hybrid simulation of thunderstorm outflows and wind-excited response of structures. MMeccanica, 52(13), 3197-3220., 52(13), 3197-3220.
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