Electrochimica Acta. Volume 138, 2014, Pages 417–429.
Ying-liang Cheng, Mo-ke Mao, Jin-hui Cao, Zhao-mei Peng.
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082, China.
Plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) of an Al-Cu-Li alloy has been carried out with a pulsed-bipolar current regime in alkaline sodium aluminate electrolytes. Thick coatings can be developed under plasma discharges in electrolytes of 5 g l−1 NaAlO2 + 1 g l−1 KOH and 24 g l−1 NaAlO2 + 1 g l−1 KOH. In contrast, the alloy exhibits a conventional anodization behavior with the occurrence of galvanoluminescence in concentrated aluminate electrolyte of 32 g l−1 NaAlO2 + 1 g l−1 KOH, resulting in extremely thin nanoporous films and macropits on the alloy surface. It is proposed that, in the latter case, chemical attack from the electrolyte caused severer thinning of the original oxide film, paticularly at the weak sites of anodic constituent particles or precipitates, which then triggers strong field-assisted dissolution of the oxide film, preventing the further growth of the coating. However, after the formation of a thin pre-existing film(∼ 1-2 μm) on the alloy in less concentrated electrolytes, then thick coatings develop more rapidly in 32 g l−1NaAlO2 + 1 g l−1 KOH, since the field-assisted dissolution is only prevalent in extremely thin films and retreats quickly as the film thickens. Long-term immersion in aluminate electrolytes can eliminate all the weak points on the alloy surface and the oxide film is repaired, thus thicker Plasma electrolytic oxidation coatings can also be developed in concentrated electrolytes.
（a）Surface of an Al-Cu-Li alloy after being “PEO-treated” in 32 g l-1 NaAlO2
（b）Surface of the PEO coating formed on an Al-Cu-Li alloy with pre-cursor film in 32 g l-1 NaAlO2