Chemical Engineering Journal, Volume 173, Issue 3, October 2011
The use of iron based waterworks sludge as an adsorbent for the removal of cationic (Basic Violet 16), anionic (Direct Blue 71, Acid Blue 40, and Reactive Blue 29) and non-ionic (Disperse Brown 19) was investigated. Initial adsorption studies demonstrated that Direct Blue 71 and Disperse Brown 19 were adsorbed poorly by the sludge. Data obtained from further batch studies were applied to commonly used isotherm models. Among them, Langmuir isotherm model were found to be the best fitted one and based on Langmuir isotherm model adsorption capacities were 625 mg/g for Direct Blue 71, 833.34 mg/g for Acid Blue 40, and 3333.34 mg/g for Basic Violet Blue 16. Kinetic examinations were also performed for all dye tested and it was found that adsorption kinetic was best described by pseudo second-order kinetic model. Gibbs free energy values of the dye-sludge system were calculated and the negative values were found for Direct Blue 71, Acid Blue 40 and Basic Violet 16 indicating the spontaneity of the adsorption process.
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