Effect of Fluid Convection on Dendrite Arm Spacing in Laser Deposition

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, August 2014, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 1520-1529.

Yousub Lee, Mark Nordin, Sudarsanam Suresh Babu, Dave F. Farson.


  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Welding Engineering Program, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 43221, USA and
  2. Rolls Royce Corp., Indianapolis, IN, 46206, USA and
  3. Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Biomedical Engineering, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, 37996, USA



Ni superalloys are widely used for hot section components in jet engines because they are very resistant to corrosion and maintain reasonably high strength at elevated temperature. However, the repair cost of the parts is high, partly due to the complexities of process variable optimization and control in laser cladding. In particular, optimizing the process parameters by experiments is time-consuming and costly. The microstructure and properties of the metal deposit are significantly influenced by values temperature gradient G and solidification rate R at the weld pool solidification boundary. Optimized values can help to reduce defects and improve properties of laser deposits. Optimization is hindered by the fact that the clad melt pool is hot and small, making in situ measurement of such solidification conditions difficult. Numerical simulation of the laser deposition process is a possible alternative to experimental measurement to obtain values of clad solidification parameters. In this investigation, G and R values at the weld pool solidification boundary were obtained from a three dimensional numerical simulation of laser deposition process and melt pool. The primary dendrite arm spacing and cooling rate of the deposited material were then correlated to these solidification conditions.

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Effect of Fluid Convection on Dendrite Arm Spacing in Laser Deposition - advances in engineering

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