Effects of Surface Morphology on the Wear and Corrosion Resistance of Post-Treated Nitrided and Nitrocarburized 42CrMo4 Steel

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, June 2014, Volume 45, Issue 6, pp 2827-2833.

Ramona Sola, Giorgia Poli, Paolo Veronesi,  Roberto Giovanardi.

Department of Materials and Engineering, Modena and Reggio Emilia University, Modena, Italy.



The surface of alloyed carbon steel was subjected to thermochemical modification by nitrocarburizing and nitriding with or without postoxidation in order to improve its mechanical properties, corrosion, and wear resistance. Treated samples were characterized by testing their basic properties (compound layer thickness, nitriding, nitrocarburizing depth, and surface hardness) according to standards. Detailed estimation of the modified metal surface was performed by additional testing: X-ray diffraction, microstructure, surface roughness and topography, and wear and corrosion resistance. The surface layer obtained after nitrocarburizing treatment consists mainly of ε-Fe2-3(N,C) and {Gamma}’-Fe4(N,C); similarly, the nitrided surface is formed by ε-Fe2-3N and {Gamma}’-Fe4N iron nitrides. The surface layer after postoxidation contains additionally Fe3O4. The results obtained show that nitrocarburization, nitridation, and postoxidation result in better mechanical, wear, and corrosion resistance of 42CrMo4 steel, and postoxidized sample properties are influenced by surface morphology.

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42CrMo4 Steel


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